If you are into the business of goat farming, it is definite that before you started out with your venture in raising goats, you made plans on where you will place the herd. So what makes a good goat housing then?
Good goat housing should be able to accomplish one important thing: the herd’s protection! Ideal shelters for animals should be able to protect them from extreme temperatures, rain, and can give them a safe place to rest at night.
One good thing about goats is that these animals are adaptable to rough terrain and weather conditions. But then again, goats should still be provided with protection from these elements in order for their stress experience will be minimized, enabling them to be more productive and ensure that they grow healthier.
Good goat shelter plans should also include keeping the moisture out, lest you risk the herd to contract respiratory diseases. Your best choice would be to use wood because this material does not accumulate water.
Ideal goat housing is an open building – it can keep the moisture out during winter months and can also ensure maximum airflow during the summer months. It would also do the animals good if there are trees in the perimeter since trees are also good insulators and they can keep the herd cool during summer.
Having an open building also ensures ample air circulation which can prevent ammonia build up from animal urine and feces. It is also important that beddings are provided for the animals to act as floor insulators. You can use materials such as sawdust, wood shavings, and wood boards as beddings. There are actually different types of bedding materials that also have different capabilities in absorbing urine. Bedding materials are not expensive and are readily available.
You might also want to consider what other countries do, using slanted board walls and floors for easier cleaning and good airflow. It would also be a good idea if you provide the animals with stilted housing to protect the goats from soil parasites.
As for the roofing materials, you can also choose from a lot of materials – from hay to metal, whatever you deem it necessary. But it is good to point out, though, that hay and straw roofing are excellent insulation that are great during cold months and hot months. If you will use metal, make sure you paint it white so that sunlight would be reflected thus preventing heating the goat housing.
If you are just starting to build your goat farm and still unsure of how to go about with goat farming and housing, you can also consult some established goat farmers, you will definitely learn a lot from them.